When and why Param Vir Chakra is awarded
Param Vir Chakra is an Indian military award given to the armed forces personnel who show most conspicuous bravery or some daring or pre-eminent act of valour or self sacrifice, in the presence of the enemy, whether on land, at sea, or in the air.
PVC is the highest gallantry award of India and second highest award of India. The PVC gallantry award came in to effect from 15 August 1947. All Indian military personnel are eligible to receive the PVC. This highest gallantry award of India is given to those men who shows extra ordinary courage in the war time or in the presence of enemy.
The PVC award was Indian gallantry award equivalent to British country's Victoria Cross.
Design of Param Vir Chakra award
Forming of the Param Vir Chakra award was ordered by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru after India got its independence. The PVC was designed by Savitri Khanolkar wife of an Army officer - Vikram Khanolkar.
The PVC is a circular disk made from Bronze with a diameter of 1.375 inches. The PVC was holded by a purple ribbon of 32 millimetres length.
Recipients of Param Vir Chakra award
There are total 21 recipients of Param Vir Chakra award. Only one personnel of Indian Air Force has been awarded with the PVC and rest all 20 personnel are from Indian Army. No one from Indian Navy has received the award till now.
Here are Service Number Rank Name Regiment Date Place Notes details of all recipients of the PVC.
- IC-521 Major Somnath Sharma 4th Battalion, Kumaon Regiment 3-Nov-47 Badgam,Kashmir Posthumous
- IC-22356 Lance Naik Karam Singh 1st Battalion, Sikh Regiment 13-Oct-48 Tithwal,Kashmir
- SS-14246 Second Lieutenant Rama Raghoba Rane Corps of Engineers 8-Apr-48 Naushera,Kashmir
- 27373 Naik Jadu Nath Singh 1st Battalion, Rajput Regiment Feb-48 Naushera,Kashmir Posthumous
- 2831592 Company Havildar Major Piru Singh Shekhawat 6th Battalion, Rajputana Rifles 17 July 1948–18 July 1948 Tithwal,Kashmir Posthumous
- IC-8947 Captain Gurbachan Singh Salaria 3rd Battalion, 1st Gorkha Rifles (The Malaun Regiment) 5-Dec-61 Elizabethville,Katanga,Congo Posthumous
- IC-7990 Major Dhan Singh Thapa 1st Battalion, 8th Gorkha Rifles 20-Oct-62 Ladakh, India
- JC-4547 Subedar Joginder Singh 1st Battalion, Sikh Regiment 23-Oct-62 Tongpen La,Northeast Frontier Agency, India Posthumous
- IC-7990 Major Shaitan Singh 13th Battalion, Kumaon Regiment 18-Nov-62 Rezang La Posthumous
- 2639885 Company Quarter Master Havildar Abdul Hamid 4th Battalion, The Grenadiers 10-Sep-65 Pakistan,Khem Karan Sector Posthumous
- IC-5565 Lieutenant-Colonel Ardeshir Burzorji Tarapore 17th Poona Horse 15-Oct-65 Phillora,Sialkot Sector,Pakistan Posthumous
- 4239746 Lance Naik Albert Ekka 14th Battalion, Brigade of the Guards 3-Dec-71 Gangasagar,AgartalaSector Posthumous
- 10877 F(P) Flying Officer Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon No.18 Squadron, Indian Air Force 14-Dec-71 Srinagar,Kashmir Posthumous
- IC-25067 Second Lieutenant Arun Khetarpal 17th Poona Horse 16-Dec-71 Jarpal,ShakargarhSector Posthumous
- IC-14608 Major Hoshiar Singh 3rd Battalion, The Grenadiers 17-Dec-71 Basantar River,ShakargarhSector
- JC-155825 Naib Subedar Bana Singh 8th Battalion, Jammu and Kashmir Light Infantry 23-Jun-87 Siachen Glacier, Jammu and Kashmir
- IC-32907 Major Ramaswamy Parameshwaran 8th Battalion, Mahar Regiment 25-Nov-87 Sri Lanka Posthumous
- IC-56959 Captain Manoj Kumar Pandey 1st Battalion, 11th Gorkha Rifles 3-Jul-99 Khaluber/Juber Top, Bataliksector, Kargilarea, Jammu and Kashmir Posthumous
- 2690572 Yogendra Singh Yadav 18th Battalion, The Grenadiers 4-Jul-99 Tiger Hill,Kargil area
- 13760533 Rifleman Sanjay Kumar 13th Battalion, Jammu & Kashmir Rifles 5-Jul-99 Area Flat Top,Kargil Area
- IC-57556 Captain Vikram Batra 13th Battalion, Jammu & Kashmir Rifles 6-Jul-99 Point 5140, Point 4875,Kargil Area Posthumous